One of the important elements in implementing an open government is the public’s rights to obtain information according to existing laws and regulations. These rights to information become very important because the government will be more accountable if supervised by the public. Public’s rights to information will be relevant in improving the quality of community engagement in public decision making process. Community participation or engagement will be meaningless without the assurance of public information disclosure.
The existence of the Law on Public Information Disclosure is very important as a legal basis related to (1) every person’s rights to obtain information; (2) the obligations of Public Organizations to provide and serve information requests rapidly, timely, economically, and easily; (3) exceptional cases are strictly limited; (4) the obligation of Public Organizations to improve their archive and information service systems. Each Public Organization has the obligation to provide access to public information related to their Public Organization to all people.
The Scope of Public Organizations in this Law includes executive institutions, judiciary institutions, legislative institutions, other state officials funded by the State Budget (APBN)/Regional Budget (/APBD), as well as non-governmental organizations, whether legal or non-legal entities, such as NGOs, associations, and other institutions that use the funds, in full or partial, from the State Budget/Regional Budget, community donation, and/or foreign donation.
A good government will be established through transparency principle mechanism and implementation. A transparent and highly accountable society is one of the requirements to realize true democracy. By opening public access to information, Public Organizations will be motivated to be more responsible and more focused in providing best service for the people. Subsequently, this will accelerate the embodiment of an open government as a strategic effort to prevent corruption, collusion and nepotism, and to establish good governance.
In May 2010, KPK officially has a Public Information Service unit whose management is under Public Relations Bureau. The Commissioners of the Corruption Eradication Commission through Decree No. KEP-224/01/05/2010 appoints the head of the public relations bureau as the Information and Documentation Management Officer (PPID).
As a manifestation of the development of public information services, in 2013 KPK formed a new section under the Public Relations Bureau namely the Public Information and Communications Service (PIKP). This section collects all information from the directorates and bureaus of the KPK to be processed and then disseminated to the public. The diversity and uniqueness of information owned by the KPK bribes each information to be repackaged to make it easier to understand and can be processed into new anti-corruption knowledge.
Information that has been processed and packed by the KPK Public Relations is then disseminated through several communication media managed by the KPK. One of the innovative steps taken by the KPK is to create an Anti-Corruption Clearing House (ACCH) Portal, an anti-corruption knowledge port dedicated to enriching anticorruption literacy and information. The accessible anticorruption portal at acch.kpk.go.id contains the State Administration Wealth Report (LHKPN), various anticorruption modules and books, best practices, and other anticorruption knowledge.
Legal Basis for Public Information Service:
- Undang-Undang Nomor 14 Tahun 2008 tentang Keterbukaan Informasi Publik
- Undang Undang Nomor 43 Tahun 2009 tentang Kearsipan
- Undang-Undang Nomor 11 Tahun 2008 tentang Informasi dan Transaksi Elektronik;
- Surat Keputusan Pimpinan Komisi Pemberantasan Korupsi Republik Indonesia Nomor KEP-224/01/05/2010 tentang Penunjukan Pejabat Pengelola Informasi dan Dokumentasi pada Komisi Pemberantasan Korupsi.